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Bhattan de Savaiye: How to Read and Understand this Sikh Scripture


- The meaning and significance of the title- The structure and content of the verses H2: The historical context of Bhattan de Savaiye - The political and religious situation in India at the time of Guru Arjan Dev Ji- The martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Ji and its impact on Sikh history- The role of Bhatt poets in praising and preserving the legacy of Guru Arjan Dev Ji H3: The main themes and messages of Bhattan de Savaiye - The praise of Guru Arjan Dev Ji as the true king, guru, and embodiment of God- The rejection of ritualism, idolatry, and hypocrisy in religion- The affirmation of Sikh identity, values, and faith H4: How to read and understand Bhattan de Savaiye - The importance of reading the original Gurmukhi script and listening to the recitation- The use of poetic devices, metaphors, and references in Bhattan de Savaiye- The resources and tools available for studying Bhattan de Savaiye H2: Why is Bhattan de Savaiye relevant today? - The lessons and inspiration that Bhattan de Savaiye offers for Sikhs and non-Sikhs alike- The challenges and opportunities for preserving and promoting Bhattan de Savaiye in the modern world- The ways to apply the teachings of Bhattan de Savaiye in daily life H3: Conclusion - A summary of the main points and takeaways from the article- A call to action for the readers to explore Bhattan de Savaiye further- A closing remark expressing gratitude and appreciation # Article with HTML formatting What is Bhattan de Savaiye?




Bhattan de Savaiye (Punjabi: ਭਟਂ ਦੇ ਸਵੈਯੇ) is a Sikh scripture that is part of the Dasam Granth, a collection of writings attributed to Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru. However, Bhattan de Savaiye was not composed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji himself, but by a group of poets known as Bhatts, who were devotees of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Sikh Guru.




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The title Bhattan de Savaiye means "the verses of praise by the Bhatts". It is also sometimes called Swaiyas Patshahi Panjvin, which means "the verses in praise of the fifth king (Guru)". Bhattan de Savaiye consists of 123 verses that glorify Guru Arjan Dev Ji as the supreme spiritual master, sovereign ruler, and manifestation of God.


Bhattan de Savaiye is one of the most revered and cherished scriptures in Sikhism, as it celebrates the life, achievements, and sacrifices of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, who is considered as the architect of the Sikh faith. Guru Arjan Dev Ji compiled the Adi Granth (the first edition of Guru Granth Sahib), built the Harmandir Sahib (the Golden Temple), established Amritsar as the Sikh capital, and laid down the foundations of Sikh polity and society. He also became the first Sikh martyr when he was tortured and executed by the Mughal emperor Jahangir in 1606.


The historical context of Bhattan de Savaiye




To understand the significance and beauty of Bhattan de Savaiye, it is important to know the historical context in which it was composed. The 16th and 17th centuries were turbulent times in India, as the Mughal empire expanded its rule over most of the subcontinent. The Mughals were Muslims who imposed their religion and culture on their subjects, often persecuting and oppressing those who did not conform to their norms.


Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born in 1563 in Goindwal, Punjab, as the youngest son of Guru Ram Das Ji, the fourth Sikh Guru. He became the fifth Guru in 1581, at the age of 18, after his father's death. He inherited a growing community of Sikhs who followed the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism, and his successors. Guru Arjan Dev Ji devoted his life to spreading the message of Sikhism, which was based on the principles of monotheism, equality, service, and justice.


Guru Arjan Dev Ji's popularity and influence soon attracted the attention and envy of the Mughal authorities, who saw him as a threat to their power and religion. They also resented his support for Prince Khusrau, who rebelled against his father Jahangir in 1605. Jahangir ordered Guru Arjan Dev Ji's arrest and demanded that he convert to Islam or pay a huge fine. Guru Arjan Dev Ji refused to comply and was subjected to brutal torture for five days. He died on 30 May 1606, uttering his famous words: "Sweet is Thy will, O Lord; the gift of Thy Name alone I seek."


Guru Arjan Dev Ji's martyrdom marked a turning point in Sikh history, as it transformed the Sikhs from a peaceful and passive community to a militant and active one. It also inspired many poets and writers to commemorate his legacy and praise his virtues. Among them were the Bhatts, who were originally Brahmins (Hindu priests) from different parts of India. They were well-versed in Sanskrit and Persian literature and had composed verses in honor of various Hindu gods and kings. However, after meeting Guru Arjan Dev Ji and witnessing his divine grace and glory, they became his ardent followers and dedicated their poetry to him.


The main themes and messages of Bhattan de Savaiye




Bhattan de Savaiye is a masterpiece of Sikh literature that expresses the love, devotion, and admiration that the Bhatts had for Guru Arjan Dev Ji. It also conveys the core teachings and values of Sikhism that Guru Arjan Dev Ji embodied and exemplified. Some of the main themes and messages of Bhattan de Savaiye are:


  • The praise of Guru Arjan Dev Ji as the true king, guru, and embodiment of God. The Bhatts address Guru Arjan Dev Ji as "Patshah" (king), "Satgur" (true guru), "Prabh" (God), "Jagdish" (lord of the world), "Niranjan" (pure one), "Har Rai" (sustainer), "Sachcha Sahib" (true master), and other epithets that signify his supreme authority, wisdom, and divinity. They declare that he is the source of all blessings, happiness, and salvation for those who seek his refuge and guidance.



  • The rejection of ritualism, idolatry, and hypocrisy in religion. The Bhatts criticize and condemn those who practice empty rituals, worship idols, follow superstitions, and indulge in corruption and violence in the name of religion. They assert that such people are ignorant, deluded, and doomed to suffer in this world and the next. They contrast them with the true Sikhs who worship the one God, follow the Guru's word, serve humanity, and live in harmony with nature.



  • The affirmation of Sikh identity, values, and faith. The Bhatts affirm that they are proud to be Sikhs of Guru Arjan Dev Ji and that they will never forsake or forget him. They uphold the Sikh ideals of truth, justice, courage, humility, compassion, generosity, loyalty, and perseverance. They express their faith in God's will and grace, which sustains them through all trials and tribulations. They also acknowledge their shortcomings and beg for forgiveness and mercy from Guru Arjan Dev Ji.



How to read and understand Bhattan de Savaiye




Bhattan de Savaiye is a rich and complex text that requires careful reading and understanding to appreciate its beauty and depth. Here are some tips on how to read and understand Bhattan de Savaiye:


  • The importance of reading the original Gurmukhi script and listening to the recitation. Bhattan de Savaiye is written in Gurmukhi script, which is derived from the Punjabi language. It is also recited in a melodious tune that enhances its poetic appeal. Reading the original script and listening to the recitation helps to capture the nuances, emotions, and rhythms of the verses. It also helps to avoid mistranslations or misinterpretations that may occur in other languages or formats.



references in Bhattan de Savaiye. The Bhatts use various poetic devices, such as rhyme, alliteration, repetition, simile, and personification, to create a captivating and expressive style. They also use metaphors and references from Hindu mythology, Persian literature, Islamic history, and Sikh tradition to illustrate and compare the qualities and deeds of Guru Arjan Dev Ji. For example, they liken him to Ram, Krishna, Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva, Indra, Rama, Zoroaster, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, and other revered figures. They also refer to historical events and places that are related to Guru Arjan Dev Ji's life and legacy. To understand these metaphors and references, it is helpful to have some background knowledge of the sources and contexts that the Bhatts draw from.


The resources and tools available for studying Bhattan de Savaiye. There are many resources and tools available for studying Bhattan de Savaiye, such as commentaries, translations, dictionaries, websites, apps, videos, podcasts, and books. Some of the most popular and reliable ones are:


  • SikhiToTheMax: A website and app that provides the original Gurmukhi script, transliteration, translation, and audio of Bhattan de Savaiye and other Sikh scriptures.



  • Sri Granth: A website that provides the original Gurmukhi script, transliteration, translation, and commentary of Bhattan de Savaiye and other Sikh scriptures.



  • Bhattan de Savaiye Katha by Giani Kulwant Singh Ji: A video series that provides a detailed explanation and analysis of Bhattan de Savaiye in Punjabi.



  • Bhattan de Savaiye: English Translation and Commentary by Dr. Jodh Singh: A book that provides an English translation and commentary of Bhattan de Savaiye.




Why is Bhattan de Savaiye relevant today?




Bhattan de Savaiye is not only a historical document or a literary work. It is also a living and timeless scripture that has relevance and value for today's world. Some of the reasons why Bhattan de Savaiye is relevant today are:


  • The lessons and inspiration that Bhattan de Savaiye offers for Sikhs and non-Sikhs alike. Bhattan de Savaiye teaches us about the life and teachings of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, who is a role model and a source of inspiration for Sikhs and non-Sikhs alike. He showed us how to live a life of love, service, sacrifice, courage, humility, gratitude, and devotion. He also showed us how to stand up for truth, justice, dignity, and freedom in the face of tyranny, oppression, injustice, and violence. He taught us how to worship the one God who is present in all creation and how to respect all religions and people as equal. He gave us a spiritual legacy that is universal and timeless.



there are many challenges and opportunities for doing so in the modern world. Some of the challenges are:


  • The lack of awareness and appreciation of Bhattan de Savaiye among many Sikhs and non-Sikhs, especially the younger generation.



  • The loss of interest and proficiency in reading and understanding the original Gurmukhi script and language of Bhattan de Savaiye.



  • The distortion and misrepresentation of Bhattan de Savaiye by some groups or individuals who have ulterior motives or agendas.



  • The threat of censorship and suppression of Bhattan de Savaiye by some governments or authorities who are hostile to Sikhism or freedom of expression.




Some of the opportunities are:


  • The availability and accessibility of various resources and tools for studying and sharing Bhattan de Savaiye, such as websites, apps, videos, podcasts, and books.



  • The diversity and dynamism of the Sikh diaspora and the wider global community, which provide a platform and a potential audience for spreading and celebrating Bhattan de Savaiye.



  • The relevance and resonance of Bhattan de Savaiye with the current issues and challenges that the world is facing, such as religious intolerance, human rights violations, social injustice, environmental degradation, and moral decay.



  • The inspiration and empowerment that Bhattan de Savaiye can provide for Sikhs and non-Sikhs to live a life of faith, hope, love, and service in the modern world.




The ways to apply the teachings of Bhattan de Savaiye in daily life. Bhattan de Savaiye is not only a scripture to be read or recited. It is also a scripture to be lived and practiced in daily life. Some of the ways to apply the teachings of Bhattan de Savaiye in daily life are:


  • To remember and meditate on the name of God and Guru Arjan Dev Ji every day.



  • To read and listen to Bhattan de Savaiye regularly and reflect on its meaning and message.



  • To follow the example and guidance of Guru Arjan Dev Ji in all aspects of life, such as personal, professional, social, and spiritual.



  • To serve humanity and nature with compassion, generosity, humility, and honesty.



  • To stand up for truth, justice, dignity, and freedom for oneself and others.



  • To respect all religions and people as equal and seek harmony and dialogue with them.



  • To express gratitude and appreciation for Guru Arjan Dev Ji's blessings and grace.




Conclusion




and cherished scriptures in Sikhism.


Bhattan de Savaiye is not only a historical document or a literary work. It is also a living and timeless scripture that has relevance and value for today's world. It offers lessons and inspiration for Sikhs and non-Sikhs alike on how to live a life of love, service, sacrifice, courage, humility, gratitude, and devotion. It also presents challenges and opportunities for preserving and promoting Bhattan de Savaiye in the modern world. It also suggests ways to apply the teachings of Bhattan de Savaiye in daily life.


Bhattan de Savaiye is a treasure that deserves to be explored and enjoyed by all. It is a gift that Guru Arjan Dev Ji has given to us and that we can give to others. It is a scripture that can enrich our lives and transform our world. It is a scripture that can make us true Sikhs of Guru Arjan Dev Ji.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about Bhattan de Savaiye:


  • Who are the Bhatts?The Bhatts are a group of poets who composed Bhattan de Savaiye in praise of Guru Arjan Dev Ji. They were originally Brahmins (Hindu priests) from different parts of India. They were well-versed in Sanskrit and Persian literature and had composed verses in honor of various Hindu gods and kings. However, after meeting Guru Arjan Dev Ji and witnessing his divine grace and glory, they became his ardent followers and dedicated their poetry to him.



  • Where can I find Bhattan de Savaiye?Bhattan de Savaiye is part of the Dasam Granth, a collection of writings attributed to Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru. However, Bhattan de Savaiye was not composed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji himself, but by the Bhatts. The Dasam Granth is kept in some Sikh gurdwaras (places of worship) along with the Guru Granth Sahib (the main Sikh scripture). You can also find Bhattan de Savaiye online or in print in various languages and formats.



  • How can I read and understand Bhattan de Savaiye?Bhattan de Savaiye is written in Gurmukhi script, which is derived from the Punjabi language. It is also recited in a melodious tune that enhances its poetic appeal. Reading the original script and listening to the recitation helps to capture the nuances, emotions, and rhythms of the verses. It also helps to avoid mistranslations or misinterpretations that may occur in other languages or formats. You can also use various resources and tools for studying and understanding Bhattan de Savaiye, such as commentaries, translations, dictionaries, websites, apps, videos, podcasts, and books.



What are the main themes and messages of Bhattan de Savaiye?Bhattan de Savaiye conveys the core teachings and values of Sikhism that Guru Arjan Dev Ji embodied and exemplified. Some of the main themes and messages of Bhattan de Savaiye are:


  • The praise of Guru Arjan Dev Ji as the true king, guru, and embodiment of God.



  • The rejection of ritualism, idolatry, and hypocrisy in religion.



  • The affirmation of Sikh identity, values, and faith.




service, sacrifice, courage, humility, gratitude, and devotion. It also presents challenges and opportunities for preserving and promoting Bhattan de Savaiye in the modern world. It also suggests ways to apply the teachings of Bhattan de Savaiye in daily life.


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